If you apply for asylum and you do not already have another residence permit in Denmark, you must live at an asylum center. This apply no matter if you have stayed in Denmark on a visa-free stay or short term visa, until you applied for asylum.
Normally it is not possible to stay with family, friends, a spouse, children or other forms of private accommodation right after you have applied for asylum.
As an asylum seeker, you can apply to the Danish Immigration Service for permission to live with family or friends in a private residence in Denmark.
It is a requirement that you have stayed in Denmark for at least 6 months from when you applied for asylum in order to be allowed to move to a private accommodation.
If you want to move in to your spouse, minor child or parent living in Denmark, you can apply to the Danish Immigration Service for permission to live with privately right after you have been granted residence permit.
The permission to live privately last until you are granted a residence permit or leave Denmark.
Because it is the responsibility of the Immigration Service to ensure that asylum seekers’ living conditions are acceptable, the residence, as well as you and the person you would like to live with, need to meet certain requirements in order to be approved.
Read more about the requirements for residing privately with friends or family (nyidanmark.dk)
Read more about the requirements for residing privately with a spouse (nyidanmark.dk)
If you already have another residence permit in Denmark for example on the grounds of family reunification or as a farm worker, you are allowed to keep living in your current place of residence while your application is being processed.